How Many Types Of Wetlands Are There?
There are about 14 types of wetlands. They include
These are the areas of shallow, but permanent water that is dominated with the plants that generally grow below or on the water surface.
The Great Lakes Coastal
The hydrology level of these types of wetlands is determined by the fluctuations of the Great Lakes water level. There are varied sorts of these types of rare wetlands as a result of the muck, sand, clay, and exposure to wave and wind action.
The Barrier Beach
This type of wetlands is most times formed whenever the nearshore currents deposit a gravel or sand barrier bar at the mouth of the embayment. The wetlands form behind the gravel or the sand barrier. The lagoon or shallow pond that results from the process is sheltered from the lake wave energy by the vegetation that becomes rooted in it and the sediments that accumulate in the basin of the lagoon.
The Protected Embayment
Most of the till derived shorelines or the stretches of bedrock develop small protected bays. The bays usually are less than four kilometers in width. The bays may be fully vegetated with submerging or emergent vegetation.
This describes the island that is often connected to the mainland by a series of beach ridges or just one beach ridge. The enclosed lagoons may then amass dense aquatic vegetation growth. In some cases, a fringe of emergent vegetation may develop around the tombolo.
The Interdunal Swale
This type of wetland is usually dominated by the vegetation of grass-like plants that often occurs in the low areas that fall between the beach bridges and the dunes along the Great Lakes shoreline. The source of water for the wetlands is the Great Lakes. In any case, the water level of the wetland fluctuates with the change in the water level of the Great Lakes.
This term described the continually or frequently flooded wetland that is usually characterized by emergent vegetation such as grass that is adapted to the saturated soil conditions. They typical mash plants comprise of grasses, cattails, sedges, reeds, and rushes. The marsh is usually connected to the Great Lakes, inland lakes, streams, rivers, and ponds.
The peatlands commonly occur as the thick peat deposits in lake basins. They may also occur as blankets of the peat across the landscape. The development of the peatlands if as a result of the combination of adequate rainfall and cold temperatures in the northern regions of the earth. Peatlands include fens and bogs.
A swamp describes a type of wetlands that are dominated by shrubs and trees. They usually are saturated or flooded occasionally during the growing season. The soil that is present in the swamp often is rich in organic matter and nutrients. Fertility is a result of organic matter and silt that is deposited by the floods. Organic matter like dead vegetation and trees could also accumulate in the swamp over time.
The Vernal Pool
The term Vernal Pool describes the ephemeral type of wetland that mostly develops in the forested regions. They are small and abandoned sorts of wetlands that usually hold water from a short period, especially during the spring. Soon after the snow melts, the amphibians may congregate in the vernal pools to create a new generation of salamanders, toads, and frogs.
The Wet Meadow
The wet meadow describes the saturated soil that exists near the surface, although they do not have any standing water most times of the year. They contain saturated soils and grass-like vegetation, but rarely have stagnant water on the ground surface. In most cases, the wet meadow occurs in the lake-plain of the Great lakes. Since the meadows are relics of the former geologic epoch, they offer habitat for several plant species that are adapted to parries. Unfortunately, humans have recently converted most wet meadows into housing and agricultural lands.
The Wet Prairie
The wet prairie describes the intermediate spaces between a wet meadow and a marsh. They mostly cover the flat lake-plains and not considered rare. They usually experience seasonal flooding. However, they are most common in the areas around Michigan.
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