What Does EPA Mean? What Do They Do?
The EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) was started way back in December 1970 by Richard Nixon. President Richard Nixon gave an executive order for the establishment of the agency. It is a group in the United States that works as an arm of the federal government. And its mission is to help protect both environmental and human health. Environmental Protection Agency has established its headquarters in Washington, DC. They are responsible for developing & implementing laws and standards that can promote the health of the environment and that of the US citizens.
The Environmental Protection Agency was established as a response plan to the widespread public environmental challenges. The challenges attracted attention in the 1960s and 1950s as well. After the creation of the EPA, the agency has all along sought to conserve and protect the natural environment. The agency also aims at improving the health of every US citizen through research on the effects of and additionally mandating the control methods on the use of pollutants.
The Environmental Protection Agency is in charge of regulating the use, distribution, processing, and manufacturing of pollutants such as the chemicals. On top of this all, the agency is in charge of determining the safe tolerance levels of pollutants and chemical use in water, animal feed, and food.
The agency strategically implements its findings through procedures such as sanctions and fines. Working under the Trump administration, the Environmental Protection Agency recently implemented regulations on carbon emissions from major contributors to climate change, for instance, automobiles and power plants. President Barrack Obama instated the laws, and they are now mainly rolling back. The influence and size of the EPA are also diminishing, and criminal prosecutions for the individuals who are not adhering to the laws are set at a 30 year or below.
What Are The Key Functions OF EPA?
- The most vital mission of the Environmental Protection Agency is to protect environmental and human health.
- The EPA is in charge of regulating the use, distribution, processing, and manufacturing of pollutants such as chemicals.
- The agency is in charge of enforcing their findings through procedures such as sanctions and fines.
- The Environmental Protection Agency is in charge of overseeing programs that can help to promote pollution prevention, water & air quality, sustainable growth, environmental stewardship, and energy efficiency.
Examples of EPA Programs
The Environmental Protection Agency oversees several programs that intend to promote pollution prevention, water & air quality, sustainable growth, environmental stewardship, and energy efficiency. These programs include:
- The Environmental Protection Agency Safer Choice Program – the program was initially designed to protect the environment strictly. It is a product – labeling program that enables clients to choose the chemically safe products that are available on the market, without sacrificing quality or function.
- The Energy Star Program – It helps users to choose energy-effective devices.
- The Smart Growth Program – It promotes sustainable and comfortable community development water sense. This aims to encourage effectiveness in water consumption through high-efficiency irrigation, faucets, and toilets equipment.
- The National EPA Pollutant Discharge Elimination Program – It regulates the emission of pollutants into US water bodies.
The Environmental Protection Agency works hard to implement laws and regulations such as the Clean Water Act, the National Environmental Education Act, the Safe Drinking Water Act, and the Clean Air act to help predate the formation of the agency. The agency is additionally in charge of the prevention and detection of any environmental crimes and also monitoring pollution levels. Above all, EPA is responsible for setting standards that can help manage hazards resulting from waste and chemicals.
In addition, there are laws where EPA performs a contributing role or offers assistance to other environmental health-protecting agencies. Some of these laws include:
- The Pollution Prevention Act
- The Oil Pollution Act
- The National Environmental Policy Act
- The Food Quality Protection Act
- The Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act
- The Energy Policy Act
- The Energy Independence and Security Act
- The Endangered Species Act
Overall, the EPA is in charge of detecting and preventing environmental-related crimes, informing the people about the environmental enforcement, and setting & monitoring standards of chemicals, hazardous wastes, water pollution, and air pollution.
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